Generally, bears do not attack humans and incidents are very rare. However, bears truly can present a danger to humans. This is mostly the case in very specific situations: e.g., bears that have been fed, and approach humans to look for food; bears that venture into settlements searching for food in unsecured garbage bins; females with cubs; injured bears; or bears getting too close to dogs (especially dogs that are not kept on a leash, which then find a bear and run back to their owner, thus bringing the bear to the human). Most of these scenarios can be avoided with some simple rules of behaviour (see below). Consequently, attacks of bears on humans are relatively rare even in areas with resident bear populations.