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Report observation

Completed projects


Recovery of Wildlife in the Alps

The dispersal of the JJ-brothers from Italy to Austria, Germany and Switzerland between 2005 and 2008 have demonstrated even more than previously lynx and wolf, that there is a need for a close transboundary collaboration and management of large carnivores, and gave the impulse for the platform WISO and later for the project RowAlps. © M. Riatsch

The project RowAlps was coordinated by KORA. It was formally separated from the WISO platform but provided information and expert knowledge to the platform and developed conventional approaches with the same objectives as the WISO platform.


The project had the aim of developing practical guidelines and management options for the recovery and conservation of wolf, lynx and – if the financial means are available – of bear populations in the Alps, and provide those to the representative institutions of the Alpine convention.


Three working groups were concerned with

  1. the ecological-biological requirements of viable populations
  2. the anthropogenic requirements and the basic conditions in regard to land use, and
  3. management options based on the legal responsibilities, while considering ecological, biological and anthropogenic preconditions.

KORA was participating in working groups 1 and 3. The information and data on these subjects were compiled, analysed and published in three reports.

Results and publications

The results of this project were published in three reports:

The results of working group 2 were summarised in the reports listed below. Both reports are not publicly available, but were considered and included by working group 3.

  • Mondini M. & Hunziker M. 2013. Factors influencing attitudes towards large carnivores. RowAlps Report Ojective 2.1. 36 pp.
  • Mikschl K., Pukall K. & Wölfl S. 2014. RowAlps Report Objective 2.2.-2.4. 60 pp.

Project information

Project Duration: 2012–2015

Study Area: Alps

Financial support: MAVA Stiftung für die Natur.

Contact KORA: Urs Breitenmoser, Roland Bürki


Metapopulation Approach for large Mammals in Europe – Case Study Alps

Nature protection legislation is based mainly on species protection and on protected areas. Neither approach is practical for the conservation and management of species which require vast areas to form viable populations and that have different conservation status among the regions. This is typically true for large carnivore species like the brown bear, wolf and lynx, but also for other large mammal species like ungulates whose populations extend far beyond protected areas and whose presence however causes conflicts with human land uses. For all these species a differentiated concept that sets the focus on the (meta) population would make more sense, both in regard to the biological/ecological needs of the species as well as for differentiated management aspects. However, such an approach requires a comprehensive proceeding which takes into account the different management and conservation concepts with their varying often contradicting priorities. A broad partnership between state institutions, experts and interest groups, a strong conceptual framework and – as a practical tool – a network of information is needed to achieve this.


The internet platform MALME was created with the aim to promote the overall Alpine view of wild animal conservation through improved information conveyance.

The internet platform is no longer updated since 2016.


An information platform was established which covers data and documents on the large Alpine mammals as well as information on aspects such as land use, policy and initiatives in the Alps. The species considered were: Brown bear, Eurasian lynx, wolf, Alpine chamois, Alpine ibex, red deer, roe deer, wild boar and mouflon. Documents were integrated as PDFs in their original language but complemented with a short English summary. These could be accessed, both, under the respective topic and in the library section of the website. There was also a map center and links to statistics.


The conceptual approach is supported by the Guidelines for Population Level Management Plans for Large Carnivores by the Large Carnivore Initiative for Europe (LCIE) on behalf of the European Commission. In the Alps on the political level, there is now a transboundary arrangement in the form of the Platform Wildlife and Society (WISO) of the Alpine Convention which aims to find solutions to manage large carnivores and wild ungulates harmoniously based on an integrated approach.

MALME supported this process by compiling information and making it available online. Until the end of 2015, over 1,500 documents were integrated.

Project information

Project duration: 2005–2012, updated until 2015

Study area: Alps

Sponsors: WWF Switzerland (Development), FOEN (Maintenance)

Contact KORA: Manuela von Arx, Urs Breitenmoser

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