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Status and Conservation of the Alpine Lynx Population

Lynx distribution in the Alps in 2018 according to the SCALP criteria © SCALP

Viable populations of large carnivores require large, connected living spaces. Habitat loss and fragmentation and the decline in prey populations have led, in combination with direct persecution by humans, to the eradication of lynx in western Europe in the 19th century. Today, the lynx is protected by law.

One of the largest natural regions left in Europe are the Alps – 200 000 km² of forests, meadows and alpine peaks. However, the Alps are also politically and culturally heavily fragmented. Therefore, it is imperative that we have cross-boundary concepts for the management of lynx. The SCALP project organises this transboundary cooperation regarding the conservation and the management of lynx in the Alps. Today, the status of the lynx is monitored by SCALP experts from all Alpine countries. The goal of SCALP is (1) to develop monitoring standards allowing for the comparison of collected data from different countries; (2) to publish status reports regularly; (3) to develop conservation and management concepts; and (4) to compile expertise on the lynx in the Alps. Additionally, knowledge gaps should be eliminated to make discussions about lynx, hunting and conservation more objective. For the future of the lynx, it is important to find agreements on management measures with the local communities, and to get the Alpine countries to commit to common goals. The Alps are an extraordinary heterogenetic region with several languages and different local administration systems. This will not make it easy to implement an Alpine wide Management plan for the conservation of the lynx. In the process of the SCALP project, the SCALP criteria were developed to distinguish between certain and uncertain records.

Since 2013, further areas have been incorporated into the project. Experts from the Alps, Dinaric mountains, Vosges, Jura mountains, Palatinate forest, Black forest, Swabian Jura and surrounding areas use the same criteria and present their distribution data in the same map, allowing for a direct comparison.

SCALP Network

The SCALP experts are all standing together on a wooden balcony.
Group picture of the SCALP experts. © SCALP
CoordinationAnja Molinari, KORA, Oltreacqua 2/A, I-33018 Tarvisio, Email:
BosniaTijana Trbojević, Independent University of Banja Luka and Ecology Research Association (EID) Email: Igor Trbojević, University of Banja Luka and Ecology Research Association (EID) Email:
GermanyManfred Wölfl, Bayerisches Landesamt für Umwelt, Referat 56 – Landschaftspflege, Wildtiermanagement, Hans-Högn-Strasse 12, D-95030 Hof/Saale Email: Sybille Wöflf, Lynx Project Bavaria, Trailling 1a, D-93462 Lam Email:
FranceNolwenn Drouet-Hoguet, ONCFS, 5 Allee de Bethleem, Z.I. Mayencin, F-38610 Gieres Email:
ItalyPaolo Molinari, Italian Lynx Project, Via Roma 41, I-33018 Tarvisio Email: Francesca Marucco, Centro Conservazione e Gestione Grandi Carnivori – Regione Piemonte, c/o Parco Alpi Marittime, Piazza Regina Elena 30, I-12010 Valdieri Email:
CroatiaMagda Sindičič, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine. University of Zagreb. Heinzelova 55, Zagreb Email:
LiechtensteinOliver Nägele Amt für Wald, Natur und Landschaft, Dr. Grass Strasse 12, FL-9490 Vaduz Email:
AustriaChristian Fuxjäger, Nationalpark OÖ. Kalkalpen, Nationalpark Allee 1, A-4591 Molln, Email: christian.fuxjä Georg Rauer, Research Institution of Wildlife Management, University of Veterinary Medicine Vienna, Savoyenstrasse 1, A-1160 Wien Email:
SwitzerlandChristine Breitenmoser-Würsten, KORA, Talgut-Zentrum 5, CH-3063 Ittigen Email: Urs Breitenmoser, KORA, Talgut-Zentrum 5, CH-3063 Ittigen Email: Fridolin Zimmermann, KORA, Talgut-Zentrum 5, CH-3063 Ittigen Email:
SloveniaIvan Kos, University of Ljublijana, 1001 Ljublijana Email: Rok Černe, Zavod za Gozdove Slovenije, 5220 Tolmin Email: Miha Krofel, Dep. of Biology and Dep. of forestry and renewable forest resources, University of Ljublijana, 1000 Ljubljana Email:

Project information

Sponsors: The SCALP project is currently financially supported by the FOEN.

Contact KORA: Anja Molinari-Jobin

SCALP monitoring reports

SCALP Monitoring report 2018 SCALP Monitoring report 2017 SCALP Monitoring report 2016 SCALP Monitoring report 2015 SCALP Monitoring report 2014 SCALP Monitoring report 2013 SCALP Monitoring report 2012 SCALP Monitoring report 2009-2011 SCALP Monitoring report 2008-2010 SCALP Monitoring report 2007-2009 SCALP Monitoring report 2006-2008 SCALP Monitoring report 2005-2007


SCALP News 22 SCALP News 21 SCALP News 20 SCALP News 19 SCALP News 18 SCALP News 17 SCALP News 16 SCALP News 15 SCALP News 14 SCALP News 13 SCALP News 12 SCALP News 11 SCALP News 10 SCALP News 9 SCALP News 8 SCALP News 7 SCALP News 6 SCALP News 5 SCALP News 4 SCALP News 3 SCALP News 2 SCALP News 1

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